Federal law and regulations (42 CFR Part 2) protects the disclosure of information contained in this program's client records unless it is expressly permitted by written consent from the client. Generally, the program may not say to a person outside the program that a client as an alcohol or drug abuser unless:
1. The client consents in writing;
2. The disclosure is allowed by a court order;
3. The disclosure is made to medical personnel in a medical
emergency or to qualified personnel for research, audit or program evaluation.
Violation of the Federal law and regulations by a program is a crime. Suspected violations may be reported to appropriate authorities in accordance with Federal regulations.
Federal law and regulations DO NOT protect any information about a crime committed by a client either at the program or against any person who works for the program or about any threat to commit such a crime.
Federal law and regulations DO NOT protect any information about suspected child abuse or neglect from being reported under State law to appropriate State or local authorities.
In the United States, the authority to require notification of cases of disease resides in the respective state legislatures. In the State of Alabama, this means that people who test positive for communicable diseases such as tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, syphilis and HTV must be reported confidentially to the State Health Department.